SIBO stands for Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth and happens when there are too many bacterial accumulations in the small intestine. When that happens, it causes a major distortion in a smooth chain of digestion resulting into a major abnormality.
The Large intestine is the usual habitation for a large dose of bacteria and usually does not pose a major challenge to one’s health but when there is an abnormal amount of these bacteria in the small intestine, it becomes a major gastrointestinal problem.
Bacteria live in the intestines but in this case, these bacterias have overgrown in this location not meant for it and that becomes a major problem.
What Causes SIBO?
There are some mechanisms in the small intestine which protect against SIBO, like gastric acids secretion which helps in maintaining an acidic environment within the small intestine, immunoglobulins in the small intestinal fluid, there is also a valve called ileocecal valve, that allows the flow of contents to the large intestines and also prevents the flow from refluxing back to the small intestine, etc. These are body’s defense mechanism against SIBO.
The remote and immediate cause of SIBO could say to a failure of these defense mechanisms, the result of which is the overgrowth of bacteria in the wrong part of the body- The small intestine. When these large body bacteria invade the small intestine, they usually interfere with the digestion of food as well as absorption of nutrients. They also may cause damage to the small intestinal wall or lining( membrane).
What Are The Symptoms Of SIBO?
There are quite a number of symptoms that may suggest one have SIBO although some of these symptoms may mean some other things. Overall, you may consider talking to your Doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms as it suggests you may have SIBO.
- Abdominal bloating.
- Abdominal pains/discomfort.
- Heart Burn/ Reflux.
- Constipation and Diarrhea.
- Food sensitivity.
- Joint Pain.
- In some cases, you may experience a drastic weight loss and loss of appetite.
Problems With SIBO.
Bacteria are part of the bowel system and they help performance some specific and important functions in the digestive system, however, these bacteria when they have overgrown their required numbers in the small intestine can lead to a leaky gut alongside other symptoms and could really add up to be a major health problem.
- When these bacteria accumulate in the small bowel, they feed on the food we eat and eventually leads to a deficiency of some nutrients like Iron and B12.
- After eating our foods, they produce excessive gas within the small intestine and these gas could cause abdominal pains, bloating, Diarrhea, etc.
- They cause the deficiency of Vitamin A and D by decreasing the absorption of fat.
- These bacteria also feed on food that is not absorbed due to damaged or the intestinal lining and that creates more bacteria overgrowth.
- Because the lining of the intestinal walls is damaged, large food particles not fully digested find themselves in the body and that causes a friction making the system to react and the end result is an allergy.
Can SIBO Be Treated?
A number of people have successfully treated SIBO in the past although there is still ongoing debate regarding the best method and medication for SIBO.
Some people I spoke with have treated it using purely natural herbs while some have treated it using orthodox medication.
Antibiotics seem to be the immediate medication for SIBO patience as that will kill a number of bacteria within the small bowel although there have been cases of a relapse after taking some antibiotics.
There is also a number of other methods some people have successfully treated SIBO and these includes:
- Herbal Antibiotics.
- Elementary Diet – These are predigested easily absorbed medical food beverages used as nutritional support in people with Gastro-Intestinal Disorders including SIBO, and they come in powder or liquid forms.
There is also some instances where some other people used these methods and it still didnt help. Some other people have also suggested the use of Iodine as the most effective method of treating SIBO.
If you have treated SIBO successfully, I would love to hear from you. Drop a comment down here and let us hear from you.
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