What is arthritis? what are the signs and how do you know you have arthritis?
What are the different kinds of arthritis and the symptoms?
Here I am going to explain what arthritis is and also take a look at the most common types we have around.
Arthritis simply is the inflammation of one or more joints.It is characterized by pain and stiffness (this happens especially in the morning or after exercise), swelling, deformation and or a diminished range of motion. Bone growths or spurs develop in the affected joints, increasing pain and decreasing mobility. These may be audible cracking or grating noise when the joint moves.
Arthritis is not a modern ailment, it has been with us since the beginning of time. It has been discovered, with evidence of people of old.
In a healthy joint, the synovial membrane is thin, the cartilage that covers the bones is smooth and a thin layer of synovial fluid covers the bone surfaces. A problem in any of these areas can result in arthritis.
It may suddenly appear or gradually come on. Some people feel a sharp burning or grunting pain. Others compare the pain to that of toothache.
Moving the joint usually hurts, the swelling and deformity that takes place in arthritic joints can result from a thickening of the synovial membrane, an increase in the secretion of the synovial fluid, enlargement of the bones, or some combination of these factors.
Many different types of arthritis have been identified, but for the purpose of this write-up, I am going to discuss the common ones.
It is also called degenerative joint disease. It is a disease of the bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture. It is most commonly in women after menopause, but may also develop in men and even occur in anyone when too much calcium is removed from the bone framework. It involves deterioration of the cartilage protecting the ends of the bones. It may also because by injury or an inherited defect in the protein that forms cartilage, or as a result of the wear of aging, diet, and lifestyle.
The once smooth surface of cartilage becomes rough, resulting in friction. The cartilage begins to break down, and the normally smooth sliding surface of the bones becomes pitted and irregular.
Osteoarthritis affects the weight-bearing joints-: The knees, hips, and back most severely, but it also commonly affects the hands and the knuckles.
However, fracture becomes an increasing risk because osteoarthritis makes the bones brittle (osteoporosis)
As it advances, bony outgrowths called “spurs” tend to develop near degenerated cartilage and can only be detected by X-ray.
Osteoarthritis rarely develops before the age of forty, but it affects nearly everyone past the age of sixty. It may be so mild that a person is unaware of it until it appears on X-ray. Nearly three times as many women as men have osteoarthritis.
This is a kind of auto-immune disease that the body’s own immune system starts attacking body tissue. In rheumatoid arthritis, this attack often occurs to the joint lining and cartilage which eventually results in erosion of two opposing bones. Rheumatoid arthritis affects joints in the fingers, wrists, knees, and elbows. The disease is symmetrical and leads to severe deformity in a few years.
Free radical production is five times higher in rheumatoid arthritis victims than people with normal joints.
Thus tremendous oxidative stress is at work, causing damage to the joints to those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, it frequently occurs in people under forty years of age, mostly female. Juvenile arthritis is a form of rheumatoid arthritis that strikes children under the age of sixteen. The onset is associated with physical or emotional stress, poor nutrition, and bacterial infection.
Scientist discovered that the blood of people with rheumatoid arthritis contains antibodies called”
“Rheumatoid factors,” a finding that can aid in the diagnosis of the condition.
Osteoarthritis affects the individual joint, Rheumatoid arthritis affects all of the body’s synovial joints.
Arthritis can also be caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infection of the joint. Usually, the infection organism travels to the joint through the bloodstream from an infection elsewhere in the body.
Arthritis can be revisable and, in some cases, curable with proper diet and lifestyle changes cannot only relieve the inflammation and pain but stop degeneration and rejuvenate the affected joints.
Symptoms Of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis.
Pain in smaller joints like fingers, wrists, knees, and elbows.
cause: Immune system attacks body tissue.
Age group: Mostly in people aged 20 and above.
Pains in larger joints like back, hip or knee.
causes: Daily wear and tear of the joints.
Disease of the elderly.
painful swelling of the joints Isis.
stiffs of the joints:
joints out of shape
Limitation of movement and disability.